Wednesday, February 21, 2018

Royal Profile: Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma

Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma was born 21 February 2014 as the first child of Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi & Princess Viktória of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Bardi{Source}. She is a granddaughter of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. Shebecame a big sister in 2016 to{Source}{Source}:
  • Princess Gloria Irene of Bourbon-Parma (2016)

Princess Zita was named:
  • Zita: for her great-great aunt Empress Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgunde Michaele Raphaele Gabriele Josephine Antonie Louise Agnes of Bourbon-Parma
  • Clara: for her maternal great grandmother
She had a double baptism with her cousin, Alaïa-Maria Brenninkmeijer, on October 4, 2014 at Noordwijk aan Zee in the Netherlands{Source}. Her godparents are:
  • King Willem-Alexander I of The Netherlands (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  • Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  • Princess Maria-Teresa of Bourbon-Parma (paternal great aunt)
  • Dorothea ter Riet-Bartos (maternal grandmother)
  • Jacco Eltingh (friend of her parents)
In 2014, her father was appointed ambassador for The Netherlands to The Holy See, therefore it is likely she and her parents reside in or around there{Source}.

Royal Profile: Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este

Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia was born 21 February 1986 at the University Clinic of St. Luc in Belgium, the eldest child of Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria-Este & Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este {Source}. He has three younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}:

  1. Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1988)
  2. Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1991)
  3. Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1995)
  4. Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (2003)

His godparents wee his grandmother, Queen Paola, and his maternal uncle, Prince Philippe, The Duke of Brabant {Source}.

He attended Sint Jan Berchmans College for his early education until 2001{Source}. He then moved on to Sevenoaks College in Kent, England from 2001-2004 {Source}. He then went on to attend Belgium's Royal Military Academy from 2004-2005{Source}, and then went back to England to study at the London School of Economics from 2005-June 2008{Source}. Upon graduation from LSE, he took a gap year to travel and better his Spanish language skills {Source}

He is very athletic. He ran the New York Marathon in 2008, and plays rugby. In September 2009, he moved to New York City to work for Deloitte, a financial services company{Source}.

Presently, he is the hereditary prince of the Archduchary of Austria-Este, 5th in line for the Austro-Hungary throne, and 7th for the Belgian throne.

He is a reserve officer in the Belgian Army, whee he serves as a Second Lieutenant oof the Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn-Grenadiers.

He is became a godfather in 2001, to his cousin, and future monarch, Princess Elisabeth{Source}.
Due to his being so far down on the Belgian throne line, his mother is fiercely private about his life, therefore he makes limited public appearances on behalf of Belgium.

The 32 year old Prince was married on 5 July 2014, and relocated from New York, USA to Belgium after the wedding. Together, they have a daughter:
  • Archduchess Anna Astrid of Austria-Este (2016)

At the time of their wedding, no royal decree was issued granting her the title Her Royal Highness Princess of Belgium. However, it has been speculated as to why no such decree has yet to be issued. Some say that is was due to other government matters (such as the current world economic crisis) were taking priority over someone's title matters, other sources say it was because Prince Amedeo did not seek government authorization (as required by Belgian law) for the marriage, therefore he automatically loses his rights to the Belgian throne-however, neither has yet to be confirmed by the Royal Court or Belgian Government. More than a year after the wedding he applied for retroactive approval of their marriage with his uncle and it was approved retroactively. Due to a new royal decree issued by his uncle that entitles only those of the heir and present monarch the title Prince/ss of Belgium, their future children will not hold the title Prince/ss of Belgium. However, due to Prince Amedeo also being a paternal heir to the titles Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia, their children and his wife will hold those titles.

Royal Profile: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan was born 21 February 1980 as the son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or Dragon King, of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}.
He attended to his primary education in Bhutan, before studying his upper secondary education abroad in the UK and US{Source}. He attended a special program at the National Defense College in India in 2005{Source}. He has also received several honorary doctorates from the following universities including{Source}:
  •  University of New Brunswick(Canda)
  • Rangsit University (Thailand)
  • Calcutta University (India)
  • Keio University (Japan)
His father abdicated in 2006, and he became King on 9 December 2006{Source}. A public corranation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008{Source}. In addition to his regular duties as King of Bhutan, he oversees the Royal University of Bhutan as Chancellor; Patron of the Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Patron of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies and the European Convention of Bhutan Societies; President, Bhutan India Friendship Association{Source}.
Since the formal coronation, King Jigme Khesar's first landmark project was the launching of the National Cadastral Resurvey in March 2009{Source}.The program is aimed at resolving long-standing land issues of excess land that affects every Bhutanese household{Source}. The King has also been giving land to landless farmers around the country. The on-going project takes the King to remote villages and communities{Source}.
On 20 May 2011, the King announced his engagement to Jetsun Pema{Source}. They Royal Couple were married on 13 October 2011 in the Punakha Dzong{Source}. During the ceremony the King also received the Crown of the Druk Gyal-tsuen (Queen) from the most sacred Machhen temple of the Dzong and bestowed it on Her Majesty Jetsun Pema, hereby formally proclaiming her the Queen of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}. On 5 February 2016, Queen Jetsun Pema gave birth to the couple's first child, The Gyalsey {Photos} {Source}

Royal Profile: King Harald V of Norway

King Harald V of Norway was born on 21 February 1937 as the third child and only son of Crown Prince Olav (the future King Olav V, 1903-1991) and Crown Princess Märtha (1901-1954) {Source}. He had two older sisters, two brother-in-laws, {Source}:
  1. Princess Ragnhild (1930-2012)
    1.  Erling Lorentzen (1923-)
      1. Haakon Lorentzen (1954)
        1. Martha Carvalho de Freitas (1958, m. 1982) 
          1. Olav Alexander Lorentzen (1985)
          2. Christian Frederik Lorentzen (1988)
          3. Sophia Anne Lorentzen (1994)
      2. Ingeborg Lorentzen (1957) 
        1. Paulo César Ribeiro Filho (m 1982)
          1. Victoria Ragina Ribeiro Sampaio (1988) 
            1. Felipe Sampaio Falcão  (m. 2014)
      3. Ragnhild Lorentzen (1968) 
        1. Aaron Long (m. 2003)
          1. Alexandra Long (2007)
          2. Elizabeth Long (2011)
  2. Princess Astrid (1932-)
    1. Johann Martin Ferner
      1. Cathrine Ferner (1962
        1.  Arild Johansen (1961m. 1989)
          1. Sebastian Ferner Johansen (1990)
          2. Madeleine Ferner Johansen (1993)
      2. Benedikte Ferner (1963)
        1.  Rolf Woods (1963,m 1994-1998)
        2.  Mons Einar Stange (1962, 2000-2002)
      3. Alexander Ferner (1965)
        1. Margrét Gudmundsdóttir(m 1996) 
          1. Edward Ferner (b. 28 March 1996)
          2. Stella Ferner (1998)
      4. Elisabeth Ferner (1969),
        1. Tom Folke Beckmann (b. 1963, m 1992)
          1. Benjamin Ferner Beckmann (1999)
      5. Carl-Christian Ferner (1972)
        1. Anna-Stina Slattum (1984, m 2014)
At the time of his birth, the Norwegian Constitution of 1884 stipulated that only male heirs could inherit the throne, this was amended in 1990 to include females and the eldest child regardless of gender{Source}.

He was the first prince born in Norway in 567 years{Source}. His early years wehre spent at his parents' estate, Skaugum{Source} (Skaugum would later become his official residence before giving it to his son as his official residence). However, in April 1940, things changed when the Germans invaded Norway{Source}. The Royal family, members of the government and most members of the Norweigan Storting escaped the country by train{Source}. Once the family reached the city of Elverum, his father left the family to continue the journey to safety with their three children{Source}. First, he traveled with his mother and sisters to Sweden (where his mother is a birth-right Princess and his maternal grandfather was the son of King Oscar II){Source}. After several months there, the royal family continued to the United States, where they remained for the remainder of the war{Source}.

After the war ended in 1945, the Royal Family returned to Norway, where the young prince began school at Smestad School{Source}. During his education, he had a security guard stationed outside his classroom, but other than that, his educational experience did not differ from other children{Source}. He completed his upper-secondary education in 1955 at the Olso Cathedral School{Source}.

Upon graduation, he entered the Norwegian Cavalry Officers’ Training School and went on to finish his military education at the Military Academy in 1959{Source}. Upon completion of his compulsory military service, the Crown Prince went to Oxford for further study{Source}. He attended Balliol College from 1960 to 1962, studying social science, history and economics{Source}.

His grandfather died in September 1957, leaving his father to reign as King and he as Crown Prince{Source}. Upon this event, he attended his first Council of State meeting for the first time{Source}. After his father reign officially began, he began to increase his number of official tasks, such as travelling with trade delegations to promote Norwegian industry abroad{Source}. In 1960, Crown Prince Harald attended his first official state visit abroad, where he attended the 50th anniversary of the American-Scandinavian Foundation in the United States{Source}.

In March 1968, his engagement to commoner Sonja Haraldsen was announced after a nine-year courtship{Source}. Reportedly, his father originally did not approve of the match due to her being a commoner, but Crown Prince Harald stood his ground and refused to marry anyone by Sonja. They were married on 29 August 1968{Source}. Together, they have two children, a daughter-in-law, an ex-son-in-law, five grandchildren and a stepgrandson:
  1. Princess Märtha Louise(1971)
    1. Mr. Ari Behn
      1. Miss Maud Angelica Behn (2003)
      2. Miss Leah Isadora Behn (2005)
      3. Miss Emma Tallulah Behn (2008)
  2. Crown Prince Haakon (1973)
    1. Crown Princess Mette-Marit
      1. Mr. Marius Borg Høiby (1997, technically Haakon's stepson)
      2. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004)
      3. Prince Severe Magunus of Norway (2005)

His father fell ill in the spring of 1990, Crown Prince Harald began attending to the affairs of the state as Crown Prince Regent{Source}. When his father passed away in 17 January 1991, Crown Prince Harald immediately became King Harald, and he swore to oath to uphold the Constitution of Norway in the Storting{Source}. The Queen was also present at the ceremony, which was the first time since Queen Maud{Source}. In accordance with their own wishes, the King and Queen were consecrated in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 23 June 1991{Source}. In connection with the consecration, the King and Queen conducted a 10-day tour of Southern Norway{Source}. The following year, the entire Royal Family conducted a 22-day tour of Norway’s four northernmost counties{Source}.

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in 1884, the official duties of the King have been primarily ceremonial as the custodian of royal tradition{Source}. The King heads the Council of State every Friday, and formally opens the new session of the Storting each year in October{Source}. No acts of legislation or decisions approved by the Council of State are valid until sanctioned by the King and countersigned by the prime minister{Source}. While the language of the Constitution still states that the executive power is vested in the King, the actual power lies with the Government{Source}. The King has an important role to play during a change of government{Source}. Usually, the retiring prime minister will advise the King on who should assume the role of the new prime minister{Source}. If the parliamentary situation is unclear, however, the King must exercise his own discretion in selecting a new prime minister{Source}.

The King and Queen pay official state visits to other countries, and act as host to foreign heads of state visiting Norway {Source}. The King holds official audiences at the Palace for newly-appointed ambassadors of foreign countries who are delivering their credentials{Source}. King Harald holds the rank of General in the Army and Air Force, and of Admiral in the Navy. He is the nation’s highest-ranking officer.The day-to-day activities conducted at the Royal Palace in Oslo include official audiences, and discussions with the prime minister, foreign minister and representatives from the armed forces{Source}. The King frequently pays visits to private and public institutions on his journeys to various parts of the country{Source}. Every year the King and Queen pay a visit to a county in Norway, which each visits last 2-3 days, during which time they pay visits to several municipalities{Source}. The King and Queen often use the Royal Yacht Norge to travel along the Norwegian coast{Source}. Every year in the afternoon of 17 May, the King and Queen visit one of Oslo’s districts{Source}. This gives them the opportunity to meet the population and gain an insight into the various activities taking place throughout the capital{Source}. The King receives many invitations to events and commemorative activities all over the country, and tries, as far as his programme will allow, to be present{Source}. In recent years the King has also become involved in issues related to welfare and conditions for children{Source}. The King regularly receives letters from children whose everyday lives are difficult, and has on occasion received children and groups of children for talks at the Palace{Source}.

In the little spare time that King Harald has, he enjoys sports and outdoor receation, and is an active hunter and fisherman{Source}. During Olympic years, he and Queen Sonja can often be seen at events, cheering on "their" team{Source}. The King and Queen were actively involved in connection with the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. The King served as honorary chair of the Lillehammer Olympic Organising Committee.In 1964 he carried the Norwegian flag during the opening ceremony for the Olympic Summer Games in Tokyo{Source}.

The King was Chairman of the Advisory Board of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 1982{Source}. During the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oslo in 2011 he was present as an interested spectator at all the events{Source}. In January 2011 the King was awarded the Sports Gala Honorary Award at the annual Sports Gala{Source}. The King has distinguished himself on several occasions in national and international sailing competitions{Source}. In 1987 King Harald and his crew won the World Championships with his one-tonne yacht, the Fram X, and in 2005 they won the European Championships with the Fram XV{Source}. The King remains an avid yachtsman, participating in national and international regattas each year{Source}.

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Royal Profile: Princess Leonore of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland

Princess Leonore Lilian Maria of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland was born 20 February 2014 as the first child of Princess Madeleine of Sweden & Mr. Christopher O'Neil {Source}. She has a younger brother and an upcoming new sibling very soon{Source}:
  • Prince Nicolas Paul Gustaf of Sweden, The Duke of Ångermanland (2015)
  • Prince/ss of Sweden (2018)
She was born in the United States, but they celebrated her birth in Sweden anyway! Her birth was celebrated with a 21-gun salute, and a Te Deum Thanksgiving service attended by her maternal grandparents, The Crown Princess Couple, and Prince Carl Philip{Source}. From her birth she was eligible to be part of the Swedish succession, however, to remain in line, she must:
  • Be commune with the Church of Sweden (Lutheran)
  • Reside in Sweden at some point during her upbringing
  • Not marry without the consent of the Government (Article 5) 
  • Ascend the throne of another state by election, inheritance or marriage without the consent of the monarch and the Riksdag.
It has been claimed that she is named:
  • Leonore: a name her parents liked after weighing several options. It could also be a nod to previous Swedish Queens (who were named Elenora,and reigned or was consort from 1718-1720,1620-1632,1654-1660,1720-1741).
  • Lilian: for her maternal great aunt, Princess Lilian, The Duchess of Halland who died almost a year to the day before her birth.
  • Maria: for her paternal grandmother, Eva Maria O'Neill.
By technicality, she has no "official" surname, but on her Swedish passport and likely her US birth certificate, her surname is considered Bernadotte O'Neill {Source}. Currently, the little princess is 87th in succession for the Swedish throne after her aunt, uncle, mother, and four cousins.

Her christening took place on her parents' first wedding anniversary, and the following were her godparents {Source}:
  • Crown Princess Victoria (maternal aunt)
  • Tatjana d'Abo (her paternal half-aunt)
  • Count Ernst Abensperg und Traun (her paternal half-uncle by marriage)
  • Mr. Patrick Sommerlath (her maternal first cousin once removed)
  • Mrs. Alice Bamford (childhood friend of her father)
  • Ms. Louise Gottlieb(best childhood friend of her mother) 

Although just celebrating her fourth year of life, she has already undertaken several royal events and holds several honors. At her christening, her grandfather made her a member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim {Source}. She attended Sweden's National Day Open Palace event with her parents in 2014 {Source}. In December 2014, it was announced that her parents were expecting to make her a big sister in 2015 {Source}. In early 2015, she and her parents moved from the United States to Sweden, and she and her mother were registered as Swedish nationals {Source}. In early 2016, the family of four, now including Prince Nicolas, moved their home base to London. In April 2015, she tagged along with her parents and maternal grandmother when they met The Pope in Vatican City{Photo}. Shortly before becoming a big sister, Little Princess Leonore attended the wedding of her maternal uncle with her parents {Photos}. In October 2015, she attended her brother's christening with her parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousin {Photos}. In November 2015, she joined her mother for the opening of the Swedish Christmas Market in London {Photos}. In May 2016, she attended the christening of her cousin, Prince Oscar of Sweden {Photos}. In June, she undertook a visit to her duchy, Gotland for the first time {Photos}. In September, she attended the christening of her cousin Prince Alexander of Sweden {Photos}

Princess Leonore resides in London with her family, but the family frequents Sweden. In August 2017, it was announced that Princess Leonore would attend pre-school in Sweden{Source}

Royal Profile: Ian Carl Gerard, Friherre de Greer af Finspäng

Ian Carl Gerard, Friherre de Greer af Finspäng  was born 20 Februrary 2002 as the middle child and elder son of Hans Louis Gerard, Friherre de Greer af Finspäng and Kristina Louise Ewa Madeleine Silfverschiold, Baroness Silfverschiold {Source}. He has an older sister and younger brother{Source}:

  •  Estelle Louise Désirée Gerard, Friherinna de Greer af Finspäng (2000)
  • Fred Louis Gerard, Friherre de Greer af Finspäng (2004)
He is a great nephew of King Carl XVI Gustaf, but due to restrictions in succession to solely his desendants, Ian is not in succession for the Swedish throne. However, he is distantly in succession for the British throne as a descendant of Queen Victoria. His maternal grandparents are Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiold & Nils-August Otto Carl Nicolas Silfverschiold, Baron Silfverschiold {Source}

It is likely that he will lead a fairly normal life. He shares a birthday with his second cousin, Princess Leonore of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland.

Monday, February 19, 2018

Royal Profile: The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York

The Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, The Duke of York was born 19 February 1960 as the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}. He has two older siblings and a younger brother, as well as two sisters-in-law and a brother-in-law, four nephews and three nieces, and two ex-siblings-in-law, two nieces-in-law, a nephew in law four great nieces and a great nephew{Source}:
  1. The Prince Charles of Wales (1948)
    1. Diana, Princess of Wales (m 1981, div 1996, death 1997)
      1. Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge (1982)
        1. Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge (1982)
          1. Prince George of Cambridge (2013)
          2. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (2015)
    2. Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall (m. 2005)
  2. The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal (1950)
    1. Mr. Mark Philips (m 1977, div. 1992)
      1. Mr. Peter Mark Andrew Philips (1977)
        1. Mrs. Autumn Patricia Kelly Philips (1978)
          1. Miss Savannah Anne Kathleen Philips (2010)
          2. Miss Isla Elizabeth Philips (2012)
      2. Mrs. Zara Anne Elizabeth Philips Tindall (1981)
        1. Mr. Michael James Tindall (1978)
          1. Miss Mia Grace Tindall (2013)
  3. The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (1964)
    1. Sophie, The Countess of Wessex (1965)
      1. The Lady Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary Mountbatten-Windsor (2003)
      2. James Arthur Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor, Viscount Severn (2007) 
He was the first child born to a reigning monarch in 103 years, the last being Princess Beatrice in 1857{Source}.

His earliest years were spent residing between Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle{Source}.
He began his education with a governess{Source}. When he was eight years old, he began attending Heatherdown Preparatory School, Ascot{Source}.When he was thirteen years of age, he followed in his father and brother's footseps by attending Gordonstoun School in Scotland{Source}.When he attended Gordonstoun, he was a member of the Air Training Corps and learned to fly gliders{Source}. He spent a year as an exchange student at the Lakefield College School in Ontario Canada in the 1977-1978 school year as part of the Round Square Exchange Programme{Source}. He spent his A-Levels year back at Gordonstoun{Source}.

As a youngster, he watched his father fly helicopters, which peeked his interest in flying {Source}.
He undertook a Parachute Training Course with the RAF in April 1978, where he achieved his Parachute wings {Source}. Prior to joining the Royal Navy, he conducted Naval Flying Grading Training {Source}. He flew solo for the first time in a Chipmonk aircraft in April 1979 {Source}. The Prince Andrew joined the Royal Navy in 1979 on a short service commission as a Seaman Officer specializing as a Pilot {Source}.
Midshipman Prince Andrew entered Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth and undertook the full range of initial professional training{Source}.

Additionally, he completed the Royal Marine Commando course with the Young Officer's batch of 1979 at the Commando Training Centre, for which he received his Green Beret{Source}. Midshipman Prince Andrew passed out of BRNC Dartmouth in front of The Queen at Lord High Admiral's Divisions in April 1980{Source}. He then undertook initial fixed wing flying training within the Royal Navy Elementary Flying Training Squadron based at Royal Air Force at RAF Leeming in Yorkshire, flying Bulldog aircraft from RAF Topclife{Source}. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew’s helicopter flying training was conducted at Royal Naval Air Station (RNAS) Culdrose, Cornwall, where he initially learnt to fly the Gazelle helicopter in 705 Naval Air Squadron (NAS){Source}. In April 1981, he was presented with his ‘Wings’ and the award for the best pilot by The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew then converted onto the Sea King helicopter, completing advanced and operational flying training with 706 NAS, before joining his first front-line unit: 820 NAS embarked in HMS INVINCIBLE{Source}. On 5th April 1982, HMS INVINCIBLE sailed as part of the Task Group to the South Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew embarked along with his squadron, 820 NAS{Source}. Throughout the conflict Prince Andrew, alongside his fellow aviators, flew missions including: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), inter-ship Helicopter Delivery (HDS), Search and Rescue (SAR) and casualty evacuation{Source}. When his ship returned to the Portsmith Naval Base in September 1982, they were greeted by his parents{Source}. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew completed his first front line tour with 820 NAS in July 1983, and was appointed to 702 NAS at RNAS Portland, Dorset, to convert to the Lynx helicopter{Source}. In May 1984, Lieutenant Prince Andrew joined 815 NAS, where he served as the Flight Pilot in the Type 22 Frigate HMS BRAZEN until March 1986{Source}.

Prince Andrew was appointed a personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen in 1984{Source}.
In 1987, after completing the Lieutenant's Greenwich Course and Helicopter Warfare Instructors (HWI) Course, Lieutenant The Duke of York returned to 702 NAS as staff Helicopter Warfare Instructor{Source}. In May 1988, he joined the Type 42 Destroyer HMS EDINBURGH as an Officer of the Watch, in order to earn his Watchkeeping and Ocean Navigation Certificates{Source}. During the year's seagoing appointment, which included a Far East and Australia deployment, Lieutenant The Duke of York was awarded his Certificates{Source}. In September 1989, HRH once again returned to RNAS Portland to form HMS CAMPBELTOWN Flight, joining 829 NAS where he served as Flight Commander HMS CAMPBELTOWN until the Autumn of 1991{Source}. Lieutentant Commander The Duke of York was appointed to the Army Command and Staff Course at Camberley{Source}. Following the Staff Course Lt Cdr The Duke of York was selected to command the Hunt Class Mine Counter Measures Vessel HMS COTTESMORE{Source}. Whilst in Command HMS COTTESMORE conducted the full range of duties performed by the MCMV force and as a part of the RN high readiness MCMV force deployed around Europe and into the Mediterranean. HRH completed his time in command in November 1994{Source}.
Lieutenant Commander The Duke of York then returned to flying duties with a refresher course at 702 NAS before taking up the appointment as Senior Pilot of 815 NAS at RNAS Portland, where he served until October 1996{Source}. He was then appointed to the Ministry of Defense in January 1997 as a Staff Officer in the Directorate of Naval Operations, with specific responsibility for Frigate and Destroyer aviation{Source}. Promoted Commander in 1999, Commander The Duke of York took up an appointment within the Naval Staff, with responsibility for Naval Diplomacy with the Rest of the World{Source}.
He concluded this appointment in April 2001 before departing from active service with the Royal Navy at the end of July 2001{Source}. In July 2005, The Duke was promoted Captain and was appointed Commodore in Chief of the Fleet Air Arm in 2006{Source}. In 2001, after a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, The Duke of York left active service to support The Queen as a full time working member of the Royal Family {Source}. In February 2010, HRH was promoted to Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy{Source}.
As a child, The Duke watched his father, The Duke of Edinburgh, flying helicopters, which stimulated his interest in flying.

He has been an avid sportsmen for his entire life{Source} . As a youngster, he played rugby and cricket at Hetherdown, rugby, field hockey and was captain of the 1st XI cricket team in his final year{Source}.
He attended the Britannia Royal Naval College, where he was part of various squash teams and was on the hockey team{Source}. During his time as Flight Commander on the HMS CAMPBELTOWN, he developed an interest in golf{Source}.

Today, The Duke’s focus is on assisting the economic success of, and the creation of skilled jobs in, the United Kingdom{Source}. He concentrates his efforts on three core areas where he believes he can have the greatest impact{Source}:

Entrepreneurs and SMEsThe Duke also supports many charitable and not-for-profit organisations and maintains close links with the Military{Source}.Since the age of 17, he has received many honors and awards, among them are {Source}:
  • Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)
  • Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (1979)
  • South Atlantic Campaign Medal for service in the Falklands (1982)
  • Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen (1984)
  • Commodore, Royal Thames Yacht Club (1986)
  • Freedom of the City of York (1987)
  • Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (1988)
  • New Zealand Commemoration Medal (1990)
  • Elder Brother, Trinity House (1991)
  • Canadian Forces Decoration (2001)
  • Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
  • Grand Master, The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators (2002)
  • Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (2003)
  • Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan (2005)
  • Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (2006)
  • Order of the Federation (UAE) (2010)
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (2011)
  • Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
  • Freedom of the City of London (2012)
  • Royal Bencher, Lincoln's Inn (2012)
  • Liveryman, The Worshipful Company of Shipwrights (2012)
  • Royal Fellow, The Royal Society (2013)
The Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson were engaged to be married on 19th March 1986{Source}.
The marriage took place on 23rd July 1986, at Westminister Abbey{Source}.
Upon their wedding, the second son of Queen Elizabeth was created The Duke of York{Source}.
Together, they have two daughters and a soon-to-be son-in-law{Source}:
  • Princess Beatrice Elizabeth Mary of York (1988)
  • Princess Eugenie Helena Victoria of York (1990)
    • Jack Brooksbank (wedding 12 October 2018)

Royal Profile: Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma

Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma was born 21 February 2014 as the first child of Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi & Pr...